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Hyperbole is extreme exaggeration.
She opened the window and ten trillion gazillion mosquitoes flew in.
Personification is making things seem like people.
The happy sun smiled down on me from the sky.
Alliteration means words close together that begin with the same consonant sound.
Vampires are vicious villains.
A metaphor compares things that are not alike without the words "like" or "as."
The clown's nose was a red light bulb.
When you use onomatopoeia you use words that sound like sounds.
The thunderstorm cracked and growled and roared and howled.
A simile compares things that are not alike using the words "like" or "as."
My uncle moves as slowly as a snail.
Authors try to express themselves in the most colorful, imaginative, descriptive ways possible. One of the ways is to use lively word pictures called figures of speech. The six most common ones are similes, metaphors, alliteration, onomatopoeia, personification, and hyperbole. Here are examples of each of them.